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1. derivative suffix Added to the stem of a verb, it derives the corresponding (past) participle. It is invariable in compound tenses with hawăre, and variable in passive voice sentences with esăre. In this latter case, it agrees in gender and number with the noun it accompanies. Example: J’heh tendat un’oranna, I have bought an orange; un’oranna hast esat tendata pur jo, an orange has been bought by me.

2. derivative suffix Added to the stem of a verb, it derives a noun meaning result. Example: pecre (verb), to sin, pecat (noun), sin.

3. derivative suffix Added to a noun, it derives a new noun meaning set of things or abundance. Example: puin, fist, puinat, handful.

4. derivative suffix Added to an adjective, it derives a new adjective with the same meaning as 3. Example: bleu, blue, blewat, bluish.

Etymology: From Latin -atus.