1. personal pronoun, feminine singular She (subject), her (object, only after a preposition).
Etymology: From ill plus the feminine suffix -a.
2. feminine noun Island, isle.
Etymology: From Latin insula.
1. personal pronoun, masculine singular He (subject), him (object, only after a preposition).
Etymology: From Latin ille.
False friends: ill (English) = malhautòs.
1. personal pronoun, singular It is used in impersonal sentences (weather, existence, etc.) as a formal subject to compensate the lack of it. The corresponding verb is always conjugated in the third person of singular. Examples: se njeixe, it is snowing.
Spelling: Before words beginning with a vowel or h-, it turns into s’, with word ligature (both words are written together without intermediate spaces).
Etymology: From Latin se.
1. definite article determiner, masculine singular The.
2. personal pronoun, masculine singular Him, it (for accusative or direct object).
Spelling (1-2): Before words beginning with a vowel or h-, it turns into oul’, with word ligature (both words are written together without intermediate spaces). For masculine plural: ous; for feminine forms, see a (2).
Etymology (1-2): From Latin ille, via Spanish el and Portuguese and Galician o.
3. masculine noun Egg.
Etymology (3): From Latin ovum.
1. feminine noun The letter a.
2. definite article determiner, feminine singular The.
3. personal pronoun, feminine singular Her, it (for accusative or direct object).
Spelling (2-3): Before words beginning with a vowel or h-, it turns into al’, with word ligature (both words are written together without intermediate spaces). For feminine plural: as; for masculine forms, see ou (1).
Etymology (2-3): From Latin illa, via Spanish la and Portuguese and Galician a.
4. preposition To (direction). Example: Nos vadèms a Franza, we are going to France.
5. preposition On, by (way of doing something). Example: Vadeirems a pez, we went on foot.
6. preposition To (marker of the indirect object of a sentence). Example: J’heh tendat dou sac a ma mara, I have bought this bag to my mother.
7. preposition Without translation (marker of the direct object of a sentence when it comes before the subject, including relative clauses). Example: Marja ame Paul = A Paul ame Marja, Mary loves Paul.
8. preposition On, at (situation). Example: A mensa eh ad a dreta dou llet, the table is on the right side of the bed.
9. preposition To, until (when talking about distance or time, in opposition to de). Example: Jo
virc de nou a cinc, I work from nine to five.
10. preposition At (for times and specific moments). Example: Cat dïe jo llewe-mi ad as seit, I get up every day at seven.
Spelling (4-10): Before words beginning with a vowel or h-, it turns into ad.
Etymology (4-10): From Latin ad.
False friends: a (English) = ũ.